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Log4j Levels Example


In this tutorial post, we are going to providing log4j levels example java program to understand log4j levels with java package wise will be providing different levels of logs with different types of outputs like console and file.

Log4j Levels Example

For this we are going creating following files.

  1. Log4jExamplePKG1.java under package com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG1
  2. Log4jExamplePKG2.java under pcakge com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG2
  3. Log4j.properties under default package i.e inside src folder in Eclipse and inside default package in Netbeans

 

 

Log4jExamplePKG1.java

package com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG1;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

public class Log4jExamplePKG1 {
    private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(Log4jExamplePKG1.class);
    
    public void displaLogyMessage() {
        
        logger.fatal("fatal message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
        
        logger.error("error message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
        
        logger.warn("warn message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
        
        logger.debug("debug message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
        
        logger.trace("trace message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
        
        logger.info("info message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
    }
}

Log4jExamplePKG2.java

package com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG2;

import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

public class Log4jExamplePKG2 {
    private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(Log4jExamplePKG2.class);

    public void displaLogyMessage() {
        logger.info("info message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");

        logger.warn("warn message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!");
    }
}

Log4jLevelsExample.java

package com.narayanatutorial.log4j;


import org.apache.log4j.Level;
import org.apache.log4j.Logger;

import com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG1.Log4jExamplePKG1;
import com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG2.Log4jExamplePKG2;

public class Log4jLevelsExample {
    private static final Logger logger = Logger.getLogger(Log4jLevelsExample.class);

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Log4jExamplePKG1 logpkg1 = new Log4jExamplePKG1();
        Log4jExamplePKG2 logpkg2 = new Log4jExamplePKG2();
            
        logger.debug("DEBUG message from Log4jLevelsExample!");
   
        logpkg1.displaLogyMessage();
        logpkg2.displaLogyMessage();
        
    }
}

/**
 * TRACE --display INFO,DEBUG,WARN,ERROR,TRACE and FATAL
 * DEBUG -- display INFO,DEBUG,WARN,ERROR and FATAL
 * INFO -- display INFO,WARN,ERROR and FATAL
 * WARN --display WARN,ERROR and FATAL
 * ERROR --display ERROR and FATAL
 * FATAL --display only FATAL
 */

Log4j.properties

log = C:/logs/
log4j.rootLogger = INFO,stdout, FILE,

# Define the file appender
log4j.appender.FILE=org.apache.log4j.FileAppender
log4j.appender.FILE.File=${log}/log.out

# Define the layout for file appender
log4j.appender.FILE.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.FILE.layout.conversionPattern=%m%n
# Redirect log messages to console
log4j.appender.stdout=org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender
log4j.appender.stdout.Target=System.out
log4j.appender.stdout.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.stdout.layout.ConversionPattern=%d{yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss} %-5p %c{1}:%L - %m%n

# Log4jPKG1 package
log4j.logger.com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG1.Log4jExamplePKG1=FATAL,

# Log4jPKG2 package
log4j.logger.com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG2.Log4jExamplePKG2=WARN, stdout


Output

2016-02-07 18:26:41 FATAL Log4jExamplePKG1:10 - fatal message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!
2016-02-07 18:26:41 WARN  Log4jExamplePKG2:11 - warn message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!
2016-02-07 18:26:41 WARN  Log4jExamplePKG2:11 - warn message log from Log4jExamplePKG1 class!

Let’s quickly examine what we get

Above program producing two types of output such as 1. Console and 2. File because we have configuration as follows. This configuration is applicable to entire project by default. We can specify package wise types of output. Then we will get duplicate output i.e one from rootLogger and package wise logger.

log4j.rootLogger = INFO,stdout, FILE,

stdout providing log in the console.

FILE providing log in the file.

INFO level log will be producing for the entire project and we can provide log4j level in the package wise as follows.

Please refer Log4j Level hierarchical

If we do not want console log then we need to remove stdout from the above line.

If we do not want file log then we need to remove FILE from the above line.

# Log4jPKG1 package
log4j.logger.com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG1.Log4jExamplePKG1=FATAL,

Logj4ExamplePKG1 package will be providing only FATAL level log.

FATAL level log hierarchy

FATAL

Log4jExamplePKG2 package will be providing  WARN,ERROR and FATAL level log.

# Log4jPKG2 package
log4j.logger.com.narayanatutorial.log4j.Log4jPKG2.Log4jExamplePKG2=WARN, stdout

WARN Level hierarchy is

WARN > ERROR > FATAL

If we want stop logging entire project, just add the following log4j level OFF to log4j properties file below the log4j.rootLogger=INFO,stdout,FILE

log4j.rootLogger=OFF

If we want start logging entire project, just add the following log4j level ALL to log4j properties file below the log4j.rootLogger=OFF   OR  comment the above line like  #log4j.rootLogger=OFF

log4j.rootLogger=ALL

 Output File

log4jfile

 

References

Narayanaswamy

Hello! I am Narayanaswamy founder and admin of narayanatutorial.com. I have been working in IT industry more than 7 years. NarayanaTutorial is my web technologies blog. My specialties are Java / J2EE, Spring, Hibernate, Struts, Webservices, PHP, Oracle, MySQL, SQLServer, Web Hosting and Website Development.

I am a self learner and passionate about training and writing. I am always trying my best to share my knowledge through my blog.

The Author

Narayanaswamy

Narayanaswamy

Hello! I am Narayanaswamy founder and admin of narayanatutorial.com. I have been working in IT industry more than 7 years. NarayanaTutorial is my web technologies blog. My specialties are Java / J2EE, Spring, Hibernate, Struts, Webservices, PHP, Oracle, MySQL, SQLServer, Web Hosting and Website Development. I am a self learner and passionate about training and writing. I am always trying my best to share my knowledge through my blog.

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